Tags and lists

Vocabulary lists grouped by different aspects

Index

By grammatical use

noun or verb acting prenominally

#adj-f

Verbs or nouns acting as an adjective.

adjective (keiyoushi)

#adj-i

Adjectives finishing in い before they modify a noun.

adjective (keiyoushi) - yoi/ii class

#adj-ix

Special case of い(keiyoushi) adjectives that conjugate like いい/よい

'ku' adjective (archaic)

#adj-ku

Archaic form of adjective no longer used.

adjectival nouns or quasi-adjectives (keiyodoshi)

#adj-na

Adjectival nouns (keiyō-dōshi) or adjectives finishing in な before they modify a noun.

archaic/formal form of na-adjective

#adj-nari

Archaic form of a な adjective no longer used.

nouns which may take the genitive case particle 'no'

#adj-no

Nouns that can be converted into genitive case using the particle の.

pre-noun adjectival (rentaishi)

#adj-pn

Adjectives occurring before nouns and not in a predicative position.

'shiku' adjective (archaic)

#adj-shiku

Archaic form of adjective no longer used.

'taru' adjective

#adj-t

A variant of な adjectives which take たる ending.

adverb (fukushi)

#adv

Fukushi adverb coming from adjectives.

adverb taking the 'to' particle

#adv-to

auxiliary

#aux

auxiliary adjective

#aux-adj

auxiliary verb

#aux-v

conjunction

#conj

Word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

copula

#cop

Japanese copulas that would most often be translated as one of the so-called be-verbs of English.

counter

#ctr

Words used along with numbers to count things, actions, and events.

expressions (phrases, clauses, etc.)

#exp

Words or phrases, used to convey an idea.

interjection (kandoushi)

#int

Spoken or written expressions of emotion.

noun (common) (futsuumeishi)

#n

noun, used as a prefix

#n-pref

noun, used as a suffix

#n-suf

numeric

#num

pronoun

#pn

prefix

#pref

particle

#prt

suffix

#suf

unclassified

#unc

verb unspecified

#v-unspec

Ichidan verb

#v1

Ichidan verb - kureru special class

#v1-s

Nidan verb with 'u' ending (archaic)

#v2a-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'bu' ending (archaic)

#v2b-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'dzu' ending (archaic)

#v2d-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'gu' ending (archaic)

#v2g-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'gu' ending (archaic)

#v2g-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'hu/fu' ending (archaic)

#v2h-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'hu/fu' ending (archaic)

#v2h-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'ku' ending (archaic)

#v2k-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'ku' ending (archaic)

#v2k-s

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'mu' ending (archaic)

#v2m-s

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'nu' ending (archaic)

#v2n-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'ru' ending (archaic)

#v2r-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'ru' ending (archaic)

#v2r-s

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'su' ending (archaic)

#v2s-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'tsu' ending (archaic)

#v2t-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'tsu' ending (archaic)

#v2t-s

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'u' ending and 'we' conjugation (archaic)

#v2w-s

Nidan verb (upper class) with 'yu' ending (archaic)

#v2y-k

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'yu' ending (archaic)

#v2y-s

Nidan verb (lower class) with 'zu' ending (archaic)

#v2z-s

Yodan verb with 'bu' ending (archaic)

#v4b

Yodan verb with 'gu' ending (archaic)

#v4g

Yodan verb with 'hu/fu' ending (archaic)

#v4h

Yodan verb with 'ku' ending (archaic)

#v4k

Yodan verb with 'mu' ending (archaic)

#v4m

Yodan verb with 'ru' ending (archaic)

#v4r

Yodan verb with 'su' ending (archaic)

#v4s

Yodan verb with 'tsu' ending (archaic)

#v4t

Godan verb - -aru special class

#v5aru

Godan verb with 'bu' ending

#v5b

Godan verb with 'gu' ending

#v5g

Godan verb with 'ku' ending

#v5k

Godan verb - Iku/Yuku special class

#v5k-s

Godan verb with 'mu' ending

#v5m

Godan verb with 'nu' ending

#v5n

Godan verb with 'ru' ending

#v5r

Godan verb with 'ru' ending (irregular verb)

#v5r-i

Godan verb with 'su' ending

#v5s

Godan verb with 'tsu' ending

#v5t

Godan verb with 'u' ending

#v5u

Godan verb with 'u' ending (special class)

#v5u-s

intransitive verb

#vi

Kuru verb - special class

#vk

irregular nu verb

#vn

irregular ru verb, plain form ends with -ri

#vr

noun or participle which takes the aux. verb suru

#vs

su verb - precursor to the modern suru

#vs-c

suru verb - included

#vs-i

suru verb - special class

#vs-s

transitive verb

#vt

Ichidan verb - zuru verb (alternative form of -jiru verbs)

#vz

JLPT level

Specialised terminology

Buddhism

#Buddh

Words and expressions used in Buddhism, a religion widely extended in Japan.

Christianity

#Christn

martial arts

#MA

Terms used in Japanese martial arts like Judo, Kendo, Aikido, Ninjutsu among others.

Shinto

#Shinto

Words and expressions used in Shinto, an ethnic religion of the people of Japan.

anatomy

#anat

Terms used by anatomists and zoologists, in scientific journals, textbooks, and by doctors and other health professionals.

archeology

#archeol

architecture

#archit

Terms used in architecture, used in the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.

art, aesthetics

#art

astronomy

#astron

Terms used in the study of the universe and stars, planets and galaxies as well as other things.

audiovisual

#audvid

aviation

#aviat

baseball

#baseb

Terms used in the game of baseball a sport widely played in Japan.

biochemistry

#biochem

biology

#biol

Terms used in the science of life and living things, and their evolution.

botany

#bot

Terms used in the science of the study of plants.

business

#bus

Terms used in business, common terminology and acronyms in business plans, accounting, finance, and other aspects of small business.

chemistry

#chem

Terms used in science that deals with chemical elements and compounds, and how these things work together.

clothing

#cloth

computing

#comp

Terms related to computers, Internet and techical support.

crystallography

#cryst

ecology

#ecol

economics

#econ

Terms used in the social science which studies economic activity: how people make choices to get what they want.

electricity, elec. eng.

#elec

electronics

#electr

engineering

#engr

Terms used in many of the different branches of the engineering.

entomology

#ent

finance

#finc

Terms used in finance, mostly related to businesses and how they make money.

food, cooking

#food

Terms related to food and how to cook it.

gardening, horticulture

#gardn

genetics

#genet

geology

#geol

Terms used in the study of the nonliving things that the Earth is made of.

geometry

#geom

Terms used in the kind of mathematics that studies the size, shapes, and positions of things.

go (game)

#go

grammar

#gramm

hanafuda

#hanaf

horse racing

#horse

law

#law

Terms used in law, commonly used by lawyers and judges.

linguistics

#ling

Terms used in the study of the languages.

logic

#logic

mahjong

#mahj

Terms used in mahjong, a game for four players that was created in China.

mathematics

#math

Terms used in mathematics, the study of numbers, shapes and patterns.

mechanical engineering

#mech

medicine

#med

Terms used in medicine, the science that deals with diseases (illnesses) in humans and animals.

meteorology

#met

military

#mil

Military terminology often used in the armed forces.

music

#music

Music terminology, used in music composition or in different musical styles.

ornithology

#ornith

pharmacy

#pharm

philosophy

#phil

photography

#photo

physics

#physics

Terms used in the branch of science, is the study of all forces and their impacts on the environment.

physiology

#physiol

printing

#print

psychology

#psych

railway

#rail

shogi

#shogi

Terms used in shogi, a game also known as Japanese chess.

sports

#sports

Terms which reference to more than one sport.

statistics

#stat

sumo

#sumo

Terms used in sumo, a Japanese full-contact sport.

telecommunications

#telec

trademark

#tradem

video games

#vidg

zoology

#zool

Terms used in the science of studying animal life.

Dialect

Source language

Words coming from Ainu

#ain

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Ainu

Words coming from Arabic

#ara

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Arabic

Words coming from Burmese

#bur

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Burmese

Words coming from Chinese

#chi

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Chinese

Words coming from Chinook jargon

#chn

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Chinook jargon

Words coming from Danish

#dan

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Danish

Words coming from Dutch; Flemish

#dut

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Dutch; Flemish

Words coming from English

#eng

Gairaigo: Words adopted from English

Words coming from Filipino; Pilipino

#fil

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Filipino; Pilipino

Words coming from Finnish

#fin

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Finnish

Words coming from French

#fre

Gairaigo: Words adopted from French

Words coming from German

#ger

Gairaigo: Words adopted from German

Words coming from Ancient Greek

#grc

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Ancient Greek

Words coming from Modern Greek

#gre

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Modern Greek

Words coming from Hawaiian

#haw

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Hawaiian

Words coming from Hebrew

#heb

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Hebrew

Words coming from Hindi

#hin

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Hindi

Words coming from Italian

#ita

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Italian

Words coming from Central Khmer

#khm

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Central Khmer

Words coming from Korean

#kor

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Korean

Words coming from Kurdish

#kur

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Kurdish

Words coming from Latin

#lat

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Latin

Words coming from Malay

#may

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Malay

Words coming from Manchu

#mnc

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Manchu

Words coming from Mongolian

#mon

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Mongolian

Words coming from Norwegian

#nor

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Norwegian

Words coming from Portuguese

#por

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Portuguese

Words coming from Russian

#rus

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Russian

Words coming from Sanskrit

#san

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Sanskrit

Words coming from Spanish; Castilian

#spa

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Spanish; Castilian

Words coming from Swedish

#swe

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Swedish

Words coming from Tahitian

#tah

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Tahitian

Words coming from Thai

#tha

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Thai

Words coming from Tibetan

#tib

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Tibetan

Words coming from Turkish

#tur

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Turkish

Words coming from Urdu

#urd

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Urdu

Words coming from Vietnamese

#vie

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Vietnamese

Words coming from Yiddish

#yid

Gairaigo: Words adopted from Yiddish

Unusual readings

Miscellaneous

abbreviation

#abbr

An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase.

archaism

#arch

Words or expressions no longer current or that are current only within a few special contexts.

children's language

#children

Words and expressions used by children and young people.

colloquialism

#col

Words not used in formal speech, writing or paralinguistics.

dated term

#dated

derogatory

#derog

Words or grammatical forms expressing a low opinion of someone or something.

familiar language

#fam

Words and expressions used orally with friends and family.

female term or language

#fem

Words and expressions commonly used by women.

formal or literary term

#form

historical term

#hist

honorific or respectful (sonkeigo) language

#hon

Words used in sonkeigo or respectful language, used to show respect to the subject of the sentence.

humble (kenjougo) language

#hum

Words used in kenjougo or humble language, used to lower the position of the speaker or the subject of the conversation.

idiomatic expression

#id

Expressions, words, or phrases that have a figurative meaning conventionally understood by native speakers.

jocular, humorous term

#joc

Words used to create experiences can make people laugh or feel happy.

manga slang

#m-sl

Words used in the Japanese comic book world.

male term or language

#male

Words and expressions commonly used by men.

Internet slang

#net-sl

obsolete term

#obs

Old-fashioned words and expressions no longer in use.

obscure term

#obsc

Words or expressions not clearly expressed or easily understood.

onomatopoeic or mimetic word

#on-mim

Words that phonetically imitate, resemble or suggest the source of the sound that it describes.

full name of a particular person

#person

place name

#place

poetical term

#poet

Words and expressions used in poetry, a type of art form and a type of literature.

polite (teineigo) language

#pol

Words used in teineigo or polite language, used to refer to one's own actions or those of other people.

proverb

#proverb

Simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience.

quotation

#quote

rare

#rare

Words and expressions not occurring very often.

sensitive

#sens

Words and expressions that may hurt, upset or offend others.

slang

#sl

Informal words or expressions likely to be interpreted by listeners as implying particular attitudes on the part of the speaker.

word usually written using kana alone

#uk

Words and expressions which are always written using hiragana or katakana.

vulgar expression or word

#vulg

Words lacking refinement or cultivation or taste.

work of art, literature, music, etc. name

#work

yojijukugo

#yoji

Words consisting of four kanji characters having a particular meaning that cannot be inferred from the meanings of the components that make them up.

Kanji specific lists

First grade

#grade-1

Kanji learned in first grade (elementary school)

Second grade

#grade-2

Kanji learned in second grade (elementary school)

Third grade

#grade-3

Kanji learned in third grade (elementary school)

Fourth grade

#grade-4

Kanji learned in fourth grade (elementary school)

Fifth grade

#grade-5

Kanji learned in fifth grade (elementary school)

Sixth grade

#grade-6

Kanji learned in sixth grade (elementary school)

Seventh grade

#grade-7

Kanji learned in seventh grade (junior high school)

Eigth grade

#grade-8

Kanji learned in eight grade (junior high school)

Ninth grade

#grade-9

Kanji learned in ninth grade (junior high school)

important radical

#important_rad

Radical considered important as it appears in a considerable number of kanji

Jinmeiyō kanji

#jinmeiyou

Kanji for use in personal names

Jinmeiyō kanji (jōyō variant)

#jinmeiyou_joyo

Jinmeiyō kanji that is a variant of a jōyō kanji

Jōyō kanji

#joyo

Kanji considered of common use by the Japanese Ministry of Education

Kyōiku kanji

#kyoiku

Kanji that Japanese students should learn in elementary school

1 strokes

#strokes-1

Kanji with 1 strokes

10 strokes

#strokes-10

Kanji with 10 strokes

11 strokes

#strokes-11

Kanji with 11 strokes

12 strokes

#strokes-12

Kanji with 12 strokes

13 strokes

#strokes-13

Kanji with 13 strokes

14 strokes

#strokes-14

Kanji with 14 strokes

15 strokes

#strokes-15

Kanji with 15 strokes

16 strokes

#strokes-16

Kanji with 16 strokes

17 strokes

#strokes-17

Kanji with 17 strokes

18 strokes

#strokes-18

Kanji with 18 strokes

19 strokes

#strokes-19

Kanji with 19 strokes

2 strokes

#strokes-2

Kanji with 2 strokes

20 strokes

#strokes-20

Kanji with 20 strokes

21 strokes

#strokes-21

Kanji with 21 strokes

22 strokes

#strokes-22

Kanji with 22 strokes

23 strokes

#strokes-23

Kanji with 23 strokes

24 strokes

#strokes-24

Kanji with 24 strokes

25 strokes

#strokes-25

Kanji with 25 strokes

26 strokes

#strokes-26

Kanji with 26 strokes

27 strokes

#strokes-27

Kanji with 27 strokes

28 strokes

#strokes-28

Kanji with 28 strokes

29 strokes

#strokes-29

Kanji with 29 strokes

3 strokes

#strokes-3

Kanji with 3 strokes

30 strokes

#strokes-30

Kanji with 30 strokes

31 strokes

#strokes-31

Kanji with 31 strokes

32 strokes

#strokes-32

Kanji with 32 strokes

33 strokes

#strokes-33

Kanji with 33 strokes

34 strokes

#strokes-34

Kanji with 34 strokes

4 strokes

#strokes-4

Kanji with 4 strokes

5 strokes

#strokes-5

Kanji with 5 strokes

6 strokes

#strokes-6

Kanji with 6 strokes

7 strokes

#strokes-7

Kanji with 7 strokes

8 strokes

#strokes-8

Kanji with 8 strokes

9 strokes

#strokes-9

Kanji with 9 strokes

Others